Subject: Ring vs. Rang vs. Rung

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Ring vs. Rang vs. Rung

You can tell when to use ring, rang, or rung by whether you need the present, past, or past participle (used with has or have) form.

Present: ring

Example: I always ring the bell after I knock.

Example: He rings twice before entering.

Past: rang

Example: I rang the bell after I knocked.

Example: He rang twice before entering.

Past Participle: has or have rung
Past participles are used with all perfect forms of a verb.

Present Perfect Form
Examples: I have rung the bell.
She has rung the bell.

Past Perfect Form
Examples: I had rung the bell.
She had rung the bell.

Future Perfect Form
Example: I will have rung the bell by noon if the automated system is still malfunctioning.

Conditional Perfect Form
Example: I would have rung the bell if the automated system had still been malfunctioning.

The present participle of ring is ringing. Present participles are used with “to be” verbs.

Examples: I am ringing the bell.
She was ringing the bell.
We will be ringing the bell.

Due to the E-Newsletter's large readership, we are unable to respond to individual English usage questions.

Pop Quiz

1. He rings/rangs/rungs the bell to get the students’ attention.

2. We ring/rang/rung the bell but no one answered the door.

3. She had ringed/rang/rung the bell three times before I was near enough to hear it.

4. They are ringing/ranging/runging the bell to start trading in the stock market.

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Here are some complicated ways of saying simple old adages. Can you decipher them?

1. Freedom from incrustations of grime is contiguous to rectitude.

2. It is fruitless to attempt to indoctrinate a superannuated canine with innovative maneuvers.

3. Individuals who make their abodes in vitreous edifices would be well advised to refrain from catapulting petrious projectiles.

1. Cleanliness is next to godliness. / 2. You can't teach an old dog new tricks. / 3. Those who live glass houses should cast no stones.

Pop Quiz Answers

1. He rings the bell to get the students’ attention.

2. We rang the bell but no one answered the door.

3. She had rung the bell three times before I was near enough to hear it.

4. They are ringing the bell to start trading in the stock market.

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